Dating japy freres clocks

In clockmaking - Japy's enamel dials became the standard for the great majority of clock manufacturers for 150 years both in France and abroad.

Japy's plants continued to produce clocks in many styles and at the higher priced levels.

Village of Beaucourt At that time, watch and clock parts were manufactured usually by hand by specialized workers in their homes in small communities.

Once the movement was assembled, it was then sent to a 'dresser' who would in turn mount it into a case - be it a small one or an elaborate brass plated mantle clock complete with mythological figures.

Jacques Japy thus placed his son in French school or "gymnasium" where he received an excellent education.

Frédéric Japy was apprenticed by Jacques Georges Frédéric Japy, his grandfather, in the profession of watchmaker in Montbeliard.

One of the wealthiest families in Beaucourt , the father of Frédéric Japy, Jacques, was a major player in the village and, in 1760, he became the Protestant mayor Beaucourt Frédéric Japy began school in Beaucourt.Frederic Japy purchased some of few clock making machines in existence, brought them back to his native town of Beaucourt and proceeded to invent new ones in order to standardize the pieces and the quality of the production The workers were then regrouped into one location instead of being scattered throughout the countryside and each one was assigned to a specific work post with its own specific machine.The sequential production of parts in one location - a manufacturing plant - aided by machines meant that clock parts were made and assembled in about half the time that it had taken previously. Production schedules were now established by the plant owner and not by the local artisan.The number of steps and operations were reduced by half.Japy then imagined other applications (and invented the machines required to produce them) such as the mass production of hardware parts (screws, nails, bolts) and other products - rotating pumps (a model still in use today), locks, and he perfected the creation and baking of enamelware.

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