Sexually transmitted diseases and dating
The presence of an untreated disease (ulcerative or non-ulcerative) can increase by a factor of up to 10 the risk of becoming infected with HIV.Individuals with HIV infection are also more likely to transmit the infection to their sexual partner if either of them already has a sexually transmitted infection.Blood transfusions should be given only on the basis of strong (or “clear”) medical indications, to minimize the risk of transmitting infections such as syphilis, HIV and hepatitis B.
To reduce the risk of acquiring hepatitis B and HIV infections, it is essential to avoid injecting drugs for non-medical purposes, and particularly to avoid any type of needle-sharing.
Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are also called sexually transmitted diseases, or STDs.
STIs are usually spread by having vaginal, oral, or anal sex.
If an injection is needed, the traveller should try to ensure that single-use needles and syringes come from a sterile package Patients under medical care who require frequent injections, e.g.
diabetics, should carry sufficient sterile needles and syringes for the duration of their trip and a doctor’s authorization for their use.